Holbox -Yum Balam

Holbox is a small island located in the northern end of the state of Quintana Roo, opposite the town of Chiquila. Separated from the mainland by the Yalahau lagoon, the island is connected intermittently by a sandbar to the Yucatan Peninsula. Holbox is part of the Biosphere Reserve and Protected Wildlife Area Yum Balam. With 154,052 hectares, the waters of this reserve are the richest fishing areas of Quintana Roo. Additionally, from May to September they are home to the largest congregation of whale shark. The island is covered mostly by mangroves and various cacti. It is estimated that around 155 bird species are found on this site, some only in specific seasons. With a population of over 1,000 inhabitants, the island has become a popular ecotourism destination, famous for swimming and shark whale watching tours, carried out by locals who are certified guides in the reservation.